Investigaciones realizadas en Colombia relacionadas con actividad física y obesidad 2010-2020

  • Elkin Eduardo Roldán-Aguilar Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8158-4121
  • Giancarlo Vergara-Ramos Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
  • Andrés Felipe Jaramillo-Osorno Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Palabras clave: Actividad física, obesidad, revisión sistemática, Colombia

Resumen

Introducción: La obesidad es un problema de salud pública mundial. La actividad física es una herramienta importante de promoción y prevención de este problema. Se desconoce las investigaciones realizadas en Colombia al respecto, lo cual es necesario para implementar políticas públicas eficientes. Objetivo: analizar las investigaciones colombianas encontradas en bases de datos científicas sobre la actividad física y obesidad. Metodología: revisión sistemática de artículos de investigación realizados en Colombia del año 2010 al 2020, en las bases de datos PubMed y SciELO.  Resultados: de 87 artículos encontrados, 23 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El 91,3 % publicados en revistas indexadas internacionalmente. 69,5% estudios observacionales, 17,4% ensayos clínicos y 8,7% revisiones sistemáticas. Conclusiones: poca producción en Colombia. La mayoría en revistas indexadas, tuvieron diseño observacional y encontraron asociación entre poca actividad física con sobrepeso/obesidad. Alta prevalencia de sobrepeso/obesidad. Pocos autores fueron profesionales en el área del deporte y el entrenamiento.

Introduction: Obesity is a global public health problem. Physical activity and exercise are important tools for promoting and preventing. The research carried out in Colombia in this regard is unknown, which is necessary to implement efficient public policies. Objective: to analyze Colombian research found in scientific databases on physical activity or exercise in overweight and obesity. Methodology: literary review of research articles carried out in Colombia from 2010 to 2020, in the PubMed and SciELO databases. Results: Of 87 articles found, 23 met the inclusion criteria. 91.3% published in internationally indexed journals. 69.5% observational studies, 17.4% clinical trials and 8.7% systematic reviews. Conclusions: little production in Colombia. Most of the indexed journals had an observational design and found an association between little physical activity and overweight/obesity. High prevalence of overweight/obesity. Few authors were professionals in the area of training.

Biografía del autor/a

Elkin Eduardo Roldán-Aguilar, Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Profesional en deporte y estudiante de la Maestría en gerencia de organizaciones deportivas y recreativas del Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Giancarlo Vergara-Ramos, Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Médico especialista en Medicina aplicada a la actividad física y deporte y docente del Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Andrés Felipe Jaramillo-Osorno, Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Estudiante de Profesional en deporte del Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid

Citas

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Publicado
2022-09-30
Cómo citar
Roldán-Aguilar, E. E., Vergara-Ramos, G., & Jaramillo-Osorno, A. F. (2022). Investigaciones realizadas en Colombia relacionadas con actividad física y obesidad 2010-2020. Revista Politécnica, 18(36), 53-74. https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v18n36a5

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