Ubicación y dimensionamiento óptimo de generación distribuida: una revisión del estado del arte

Daniel Camilo Londoño Tamayo, Pablo A. Narváez Burgos, Jesús María López Lezama

Resumen


La generación distribuida (GD) ha cobrado gran interés en la industria eléctrica en los últimos años. En la actualidad, es cada vez más común la presencia de DG en las redes de distribución. Esto ha motivado la exploración de diferentes metodologías para su correcta ubicación y dimensionamiento en aras de aprovechar sus beneficios potenciales. En este artículo se presenta una revisión del estado del arte en el tema de ubicación y dimensionamiento de DG en sistemas de energía eléctrica. Las metodologías utilizadas para este objetivo se han agrupado en cinco grupos principales: i) Analíticas, ii) Heurísticas, iii) Metaheurísticas, iv) Híbridas y v) Programación Matemática. A lo largo del documento estas metodologías (utilizadas para encontrar la ubicación óptima de la DG, su dimensionamiento o ambas cosas) son presentadas y discutidas.


Palabras clave


generación distribuida; ubicación; dimensionamiento; optimización

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Revista Politécnica
ISSN: 1900-2351
ISSN: 2256-5353 (En Línea)