Influencia de las condiciones de desilicación en la síntesis de la zeolita jerárquica Y

  • Aída Luz Villa Holguín Universidad de Antioquia
  • Carlos Fernando Imbachí Gamba Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: desilicación, CTAB, NH4OH, tratamiento hidrotérmico, zeolita jerárquica

Resumen

Se sintetizaron zeolitas jerárquicas por dos metodologías, siguiendo procedimientos de desilicación de zeolitas comerciales. Partiendo de la zeolita USY (Zeolyst CBV720 con Si/Al = 15), el efecto de la cantidad de CTAB en el medio de desilicación y el tiempo del tratamiento hidrotérmico fueron analizados. Los resultados mostraron que la influencia de la cantidad de surfactante en la cristalinidad relativa (%RC) y las propiedades texturales de los materiales fue mayor que el efecto del tiempo. Todas las muestras mostraron una menor área superficial BET comparada con el material de partida, pero el área superficial mesoporosa tuvo un incremento de 210.33 a 467.30 m2 /g en el caso de la muestra Z720-75. Para la desilicación de la zeolita USY con Si/Al = 2.6 (Zeolyst CBV500), se incluyó una etapa previa de desaluminación con H4EDTA y un lavado ácido posterior con Na2H2EDTA. Se encontró que el área superficial microporosa y el área superficial mesoporosa aumentaron 13.96% y 11.23%, respectivamente, comparado con el material comercial; además, el %RC se conservó en un 99% después de los tratamientos.

Hierarchical zeolites were synthesized by two methodologies, following desilication procedures of commercial zeolites. Starting from USY zeolite (Zeolyst CBV720, Si/Al=15), the effect of the amount of CTAB in the desilication media and the hydrothermal treatment time on the synthesized materials were analyzed. The results showed that the surfactant amount has a higher influence on relative crystallinity (%RC) and textural properties of the materials than synthesis time. All the samples showed a lower BET surface area compared with the starting zeolite, although mesopore surface area increased from 210.33 to 467.30 m2/g in the case of Z720-75 sample. In the case of USY zeolite with Si/Al=2.6 (Zeolyst CBV500), a previous dealumination with H4EDTA and an acid washing with Na2H2EDTA steps were included. It was found that the micropore and the mesopore surface areas increased 13.96% and 11.23%, respectively, compared with the parent zeolite; furthermore, the %RC was 99% after treatment procedures.

Biografía del autor/a

Aída Luz Villa Holguín, Universidad de Antioquia
Profesora, departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Antioquia
Carlos Fernando Imbachí Gamba, Universidad de Antioquia
Ingeniero Químico, estudiante de Maestría en Ciencias Químicas, Universidad de Antioquia

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Publicado
2019-06-25
Cómo citar
Villa Holguín, A. L., & Imbachí Gamba, C. F. (2019). Influencia de las condiciones de desilicación en la síntesis de la zeolita jerárquica Y. Revista Politécnica, 15(28), 85-96. https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v15n28a8
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