Estado actual de la adopción de la industria 4.0 en pymes colombianas: desafíos y oportunidades

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v20n39a7

Palabras clave:

Industria 4.0, Herramientas de la industria 4.0, Barreras, PYMES

Resumen

Se investigó la adopción de tecnologías de la Industria 4.0 en pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMES) colombianas. Se analizaron avances en investigación y se caracterizó a 121 PYMES en de manufactura, servicios y agrícolas. Se observa una baja adopción de tecnologías de la Industria 4.0 en las PYMES, con desafíos comunes como falta de infraestructura y altos costos de inversión. Además, cada sector enfrenta desafíos específicos como ciberseguridad, recursos financieros y resistencia al cambio. La transición exitosa hacia la Industria 4.0 requiere superar barreras y adoptar estrategias adaptadas a cada sector para abordar estos desafíos y aprovechar las oportunidades.

The adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Colombia was investigated. Research advancements were analyzed, and 121 SMEs in the manufacturing, services, and agricultural sectors were characterized. The main finding indicates a low adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies in SMEs, with common challenges such as lack of infrastructure and high investment costs. Additionally, each sector faces specific challenges including cybersecurity, financial resources, and resistance to change. Successful transition to Industry 4.0 requires overcoming barriers and adopting sector-specific strategies to address these challenges and seize opportunities. 

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Publicado

2024-03-22

Cómo citar

Muñoz-Pinzón, D. S., Valencia-Rivero, K. T., Caviativa-Castro, Y. P., & Castillo-Bustos, J. S. (2024). Estado actual de la adopción de la industria 4.0 en pymes colombianas: desafíos y oportunidades. Revista Politécnica, 20(39), 99–118. https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v20n39a7

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