Revisión de electroencefalografía portable y su aplicabilidad en neurociencias.

  • Sara Rios-Arismendy Bioingeniera. Facultad de ingeniería. Grupo Neuropsicología y Conducta Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín-Colombia
  • John Fredy Ochoa-Gómez Ingeniero de Sistemas e Informática, MsC en Ingeniería, PhD Ingeniería Electrónica. Bioingeniería, Facultad de Ingeniería. Grupo Neuropsicología y Conducta. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín-Colombia
  • Carolina Serna-Rojas Bioingeniera. Facultad de ingeniería. Grupo Neuropsicología y Conducta Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín-Colombia
Palabras clave: EEG móvil, EEG portable, Interfaz cerebro-computador, Señal EEG

Resumen

La electroencefalografía (EEG) es una técnica que permite registrar la actividad eléctrica del cerebro y ha sido estudiada durante los últimos cien años en diferentes ámbitos de la neurociencia. En los últimos años se ha investigado y desarrollado equipos de medición que sean portables y que permitan una buena calidad de la señal, por lo cual se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de las compañías fabricantes de algunos dispositivos de electroencefalografía portable disponibles en el mercado, se exponen sus características principales, algunos trabajos encontrados que fueron realizados con los dispositivos, comparaciones entre los mismos y una discusión acerca de las ventajas y desventajas de sus características. Finalmente se concluye que a la hora de comprar un dispositivo para electroencefalografía portable es necesario tener en cuenta el uso que se le va a dar y el costo-beneficio que tiene el equipo de acuerdo con sus características.

 

Encephalography is a technique that allows the recording of electrical activity of the brain and has been studied during the last hundred years in different areas of neuroscience. For several years, measuring equipment that are portable and that allow a good signal quality to have been researched and developed, so a literature review of the manufacturing companies of some of portable electroencephalography devices available on the market was carried out: Its main features are exposed, as well as some of the work found that were made with those, comparisons between them and a discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of their features. It is concluded that, when a portable encephalography device is bought, it’s necessary to take into consideration the use that it will be having and the cost-benefit that the device has according to its features.

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Publicado
2021-11-09
Cómo citar
Rios-Arismendy, S., Ochoa-Gómez , J. F., & Serna-Rojas, C. (2021). Revisión de electroencefalografía portable y su aplicabilidad en neurociencias. Revista Politécnica, 17(34), 131-152. https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v17n34a9

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