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VEHÍCULOS DE GUIADO AUTÓNOMO (AGV) EN APLICACIONES INDUSTRIALES: UNA REVISIÓN

Madrigal Moreno Sergio Alejandro, Muñoz Ceballos Nelson David

Resumen

Se presenta una revisión del estado del arte de vehículos de guiado autónomo (AGV por sus siglas en inglés: Automated Guided Vehicle) para el transporte de objetos y materia prima en aplicaciones industriales. La revisión de literatura hace énfasis en varios aspectos como la identificación del lugar, aplicación en diferentes entornos, control del vehículo y descripción de los sistemas de software usados para la programación de los robots móviles, de acuerdo a los requisitos o necesidades a resolver. Adicionalmente, se hace un análisis, con base a las referencias citadas, del aporte que hace este tipo de tecnologías no solo a la industria, sino también a otros tipos de modelo de negocio, como lo son el área de la salud, los sistemas de transporte urbano, entre otros.

A review of the state of the art is presented of the autonomous guidance vehicles (AGV) to transport objects and raw material in industrial applications. The literature review is focus in different topics as the identification of place, application in different environments, vehicle control and description of the software systems used for the programming of mobile robots, according to the requirements or needs to be resolved. Additionally, an analysis is made, based on the aforementioned references, of the contribution made by this type of technologies not only to the industry, but also to other types of business model, such as the health area, the systems of urban transport, etc.

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https://doi.org/10.33571/rpolitec.v15n28a11

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Revista Politécnica 
ISSN: 1900-2351 
ISSN: 2256-5353 (En línea)
DOI:  10.33571/rpolitec